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Veneer

Africa
Ayous/Wawa Dibetou Eucalyptus Grandis
Iroko Khaya/Mahogany Kosipo
Makore Okoume Sapele
Teak
North America
Alder Ash, White Cherry
Douglas Fir Hemlock Maple, Hard
Oak, Red Oak, White Walnut
Australia/New Zealand
Ash, Victorian Oak, Tasmanian Pine, Radiata
Europe
Ash Beech Birch
Douglas Fir Larch Oak, European
Olive Pine Poplar
Spruce Sycamore
South America
Eucalyptus Grandis Pine, Radiata Pine, Taeda
Teak

Africa

Ayous/Wawa

Botanical Name
Triplochiton scleroxylon

Other Names
Obeche, Samba

Origin
Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
No distinction from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Creamy white yellow

Grain
Interlocked

Texture
Coarse to moderate fine

Common Uses
Blockboard, interior mouldings, sauna lining, toys, woodware, rotary veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3385
Specific gravity0.36
HardnessN1850
Bending StrengthN/mm257.0
StiffnessN/mm27300
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%9

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Dibetou

Specifications

Botanical Name
Lovoa trichiliodes

Other Names
African walnut, Bibolo, Lovoa

Origin
West and Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
Yellow to pale brown

Heartwood Colour
Yellow brown with sometimes dark streaks

Grain
Straight to interlocked

Texture
Uniform

Common Uses
Carpentry, dowels, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3512
Specific gravity0.46
HardnessN4170
Bending StrengthN/mm2778.0
StiffnessN/mm29800
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%6

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Eucalyptus grandis

Specifications

Botanical Name
Eucalyptus grandis

Other Names
Blue gum, Rose gum

Origin
Australia, Brazil, South Africa. Uruguay

Sapwood Colour
Pale to greyish

Heartwood Colour
Pale red to pinkish

Grain
Interlocked

Texture
Fine

Common Uses
Agricultural implements, outdoor furniture, tool handles, decking, carpentry, poles, pulp/paper, plywood, railroad ties, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3570
Specific gravity
HardnessN6130
Bending StrengthN/mm2118.2
StiffnessN/mm214600
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Iroko

Specifications

Botanical Name
Chlorophora excelsa

Other Names
Kambala

Origin
West and Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
Yellowish to white

Heartwood Colour
Dark yellow to brown yellow when green turning gold brown upon exposure to sunlight

Grain
Modest interlocked

Texture
Moderate coarse and even

Common Uses
Window and door frames, flooring, furniture, stairs, garden furniture

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3680
Specific gravity0.70
HardnessN6300
Bending StrengthN/mm294.0
StiffnessN/mm210900
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%5

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingx
MachiningxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Khaya/Mahogany

Specifications

Botanical Name
Khaya grandfolia, ivorensis

Other Names
Acajou, Khaya mahogany

Origin
West, East Africa

Sapwood Colour
Cream white to yellowish, not always distinct from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Light pinkish-brown to dark red with purple shade upon exposure

Grain
Interlocked

Texture
Moderate coarse with interlocked grain

Common Uses
Veneer, plywood, joinery, furniture, mouldings, doors, frames, turnings, construction

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3512
Specific gravity0.46
HardnessN4170
Bending StrengthN/mm2778.0
StiffnessN/mm29800
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%6

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Kosipo

Specifications

Botanical Name
Entandrophragma candollei

Other Names
Heavy sapelewood, Omu, Pepedom

Origin
Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
Pale or gray

Heartwood Colour
Dark mahogany or red-brown

Grain
Straight and interlocked

Texture
MMedium coarse and even

Common Uses
Outdoor and indoor joinery, furniture, doors, frames, flooring, boat-building, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3750
Specific gravity0.68
HardnessN5200
Bending StrengthN/mm2116.2
StiffnessN/mm29800
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingx
MachiningxxScrewingxxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Makore

Specifications

Botanical Name
Tieghemella heckelii

Other Names
African cherry, Douka, Edinam, Opepe

Origin
West and Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
White to yellow

Heartwood Colour
Reddish brown

Grain
Figure and straight

Texture
Medium fine

Common Uses
Boat building, carpentry, flooring, funiture, heavy construction, kitchen cabinets, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3689
Specific gravity0.60
HardnessN5860
Bending StrengthN/mm2102.8
StiffnessN/mm210500
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxxx
GluingxxxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Okoume

Specifications

Botanical Name
Aucoumea klaineana

Other Names
Gaboon, Gaboon mahogany

Origin
Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
Central Africa

Heartwood Colour
Pink to light reddish brown

Grain
Slightly interlocked, sometimes curly

Texture
Moderate fine

Common Uses
Rotary and sliced veneer, plywood, blockboards, mouldings, wall panelling

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3450
Specific gravity0.39
HardnessN1980
Bending StrengthN/mm268.1
StiffnessN/mm28300
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%6

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Sapele

Specifications

Botanical Name
Entandrophragma cylindricum

Other Names
Sapeli

Origin
Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
Gray-pink or cream

Heartwood Colour
Pink when freshly cut to red-brown or purple brown

Grain
Interlocked

Texture
Moderate fine

Common Uses
Rotary and sliced veneer, plywood, mouldings, flooring

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3690
Specific gravity0.58
HardnessN6850
Bending StrengthN/mm2115.8
StiffnessN/mm212000
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingx
MachiningxxxScrewingx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Teak

Specifications

Botanical Name
Tectona grandis

Other Names
Burma teak, Jati, Java teak

Origin
Africa, Burma, Central America, Indonesia

Sapwood Colour
White yellowish

Heartwood Colour
Yellow to golden-yelow to orange

Grain
Straight

Texture
Medium coarse to coarse

Common Uses
Agricultural implements, carpentry, garden furniture, flooring, decking, dowels, kitchen cabinets, toys, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3624
Specific gravity0.57
HardnessN4700
Bending StrengthN/mm2103.6
StiffnessN/mm212100
Radial shrinkage%2
Tangential shrinkage%5

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingx
SandingxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

 North America

Alder

Specifications

Botanical Name
Alnus Rubra

Other Names
Oregon alder, Pacific Coast alder, Red Alder

Origin
North America

Sapwood Colour
Whitish

Heartwood Colour
Initially white turning reddish brown

Grain
Straight

Texture
Fine, even and close

Common Uses
Furniture, interior construction, carpentry, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3450
Specific gravity0.29
HardnessN2450
Bending StrengthN/mm274.8
StiffnessN/mm211400
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%6

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Ash, White

Specifications

Botanical Name
Fraxinus americana

Other Names
Northern ash, Southern ash, White ash

Origin
North America

Sapwood Colour
Narrow sapwood nearly white

Heartwood Colour
Pale brown, grayish brown, light brown or pale yellow streaked with brown

Grain
Bold, straight, moderately open with occasional wavy pattern. Flat sawn boards usually have a strong contrast in grain

Texture
Normally coarse textured

Common Uses
Furniture, flooring, doors, achitectural interiors, high class interior joinery, moulding, kitchen cabinets, panelling, tool handles, sports goods, turning, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3670
Specific gravity0.62
HardnessN5990
Bending StrengthN/mm2105.8
StiffnessN/mm212000
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingxxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Cherry

Specifications

Botanical Name
Prunus serotina

Other Names
American cherry, Black cherry

Origin
North Eastern USA, Canada

Sapwood Colour
White to reddish brown or creamy pink

Heartwood Colour
Pink-brown

Grain
Fine but sometimes dark wavy streaks which are striking in appearance

Texture
Fine and uniform texture, often narrow brown pith flecks and small gum pockets

Common Uses
Furniture, cabinet making, kitchen cabinets, mouldings, panelling, flooring, doors, turning, carving, musical instruments, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3545
Specific gravity0.49
HardnessN3520
Bending StrengthN/mm287.1
StiffnessN/mm211600
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Douglas Fir

Specifications

Botanical Name
Pseudotsuga menziessi

Other Names
British Columbia pine, Oregon pine

Origin
Central and North America

Sapwood Colour
Pale white to yellow

Heartwood Colour
Yellow to golden-yellow to orange

Grain
Straight towards curly

Texture
Quite uniform but sometimes uneven

Common Uses
Agricultural implements, beams, boat building, boxes, construction, flooring, furniture, plywood, pulp/paper, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3528
Specific gravity0.47
HardnessN2790
Bending StrengthN/mm286.0
StiffnessN/mm213400
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Hemlock

Specifications

Botanical Name
Tsuga heterophylla

Other Names
Western Hemlock, Western Hemlock Spruce, Hemlock Spruce, Alaska Pine, Grey Albert Fir, Silver Fir – USA British Columbia Hemlock, Pacific Coast Hemlock – Great Britain Hemlock – Germany

Origin
Along the west coast of southern Alaska to northern California, inland up to the states of Oregon and Washington

Sapwood Colour
White brownish

Heartwood Colour
Brown to reddish

Grain
Straight

Texture
Coarse

Common Uses
Western Hemlock is suitable for interior finishing, for the pulp and paper industry, for saunas, barrels, boxes and handles, paneling and trim work.

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3480
Specific gravity0.44
HardnessN2110
Bending StrengthN/mm272.5
StiffnessN/mm210700
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Maple, Hard

Specifications

Botanical Name
Acer saccharum

Other Names
Black maple, Rock maple, Sugar maple

Origin
North America

Sapwood Colour
White with reddish tinge, possible pith flecks

Heartwood Colour
Uniformly pale reddish brown or light tan, possible pith flecks

Grain
Typical straight but sometimes curly or wavy, close grained and occasional bird`s eye, maple burl, blistered, leaf and fiddleback

Texture
Fine and even texture

Common Uses
Flooring, furniture, panelling, kitchen cabinets, work & tabletops, interior joinery, stairs, handrails, mouldings, doors, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3722
Specific gravity0.56
HardnessN6180
Bending StrengthN/mm2111.1
StiffnessN/mm212900
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%9

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxxx
SandingxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Oak, Red

Specifications

Botanical Name
Quercus rubra

Other Names
Northern red oak, Southern red oak

Origin
North and Central America

Sapwood Colour
Whitish to grayish or pale reddish brown

Heartwood Colour
Pinkish to light reddish brown or light brown

Grain
Straight and open grain, small flake pattern when quarter sawn (tiger rays or butterflies) but not as visible as white oak

Texture
From the northern region are less coarse than the faster growing southern red oak, rays are mostly shorter, narrower and darker than white oak rays

Common Uses
Furniture, flooring, architectural interiors, internal joinery, mouldings, doors, kitchen cabinets, veneer, construction, panelling, coffins, caskets

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3689
Specific gravity0.64
HardnessN5450
Bending StrengthN/mm298.8
StiffnessN/mm212300
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%8

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Oak, White

Specifications

Botanical Name
Northern white oak, Southern white oak

Other Names
North America

Origin
North America

Sapwood Colour
Whitish to light brown

Heartwood Colour
Pale yellow brown to pale or dark brown

Grain
Open grain, longer rays then red oak, occasional swirls and burls, tighter grain pattern, quarter sawn has distinct flake pattern (tiger rays or butterflies)

Texture
Medium to coarse

Common Uses
Furniture, flooring, architectural interiors, exterior joinery, mouldings, doors, kitchen cabinets, paneling, construction, railway sleepers, timber bridges, barrel staves, coffins, caskets, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3753
Specific gravity0.67
HardnessN6170
Bending StrengthN/mm2106.9
StiffnessN/mm212500
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%10

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Walnut

Specifications

Botanical Name
Juglans nigra

Other Names
Black walnut

Origin
Central USA

Sapwood Colour
Creamy white

Heartwood Colour
Light brown to dark brown and dark streaks

Grain
Usually straight occasionally wavy or irregular

Texture
Uniform but coarse

Common Uses
Furniture, cabinetry, interior decoration, doors, flooring, panelling

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3641
Specific gravity0.55
HardnessN4492
Bending StrengthN/mm2105.2
StiffnessN/mm211800
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Australia/New Zealand

Ash, Victorian

Specifications

Botanical Name
Eucalyptus delegatensis / regnans

Other Names
Alpine ash, Australian oak, Mountain ash

Origin
Australia

Sapwood Colour
Not distinct from the heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Pale brown to light grey

Grain
Generally straight

Texture
Medium coarse

Common Uses
Construction, boxes, broom handles, carpentry, doors/windows, flooring, furniture, tool handles, mining timbers, piling, pulp/paper, staircases, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3650
Specific gravity0.62
HardnessN4510
Bending StrengthN/mm2100.6
StiffnessN/mm213700
Radial shrinkage%6
Tangential shrinkage%10

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingxxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Oak, Tasmanian

Specifications

Botanical Name
Eucalyptus regnans / delegatensis / obliqua

Other Names
Australian oak, Messmate, Mountain ash, Victorian oak

Origin
Australia

Sapwood Colour
Not distinct from the heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Pale brown to greyish

Grain
Generally straight

Texture
Medium coarse

Common Uses
Construction, boxes, broom handles, carpentry, doors/windows, flooring, furniture, tool handles, mining timbers, piling, pulp/paper, staircases, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3650-780
Specific gravity0.70
HardnessN6500
Bending StrengthN/mm2111.1
StiffnessN/mm215000
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%9

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingxxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Pine, Radiata

Specifications

Botanical Name
Pinus radiata

Other Names

Origin
New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, Chile

Sapwood Colour
Pale, wide and distinct from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Pink to brown

Grain
Generally straight grained, some spiral

Texture
Relative uniform, little contrast between growth rings

Common Uses
Furniture, toys, veneer, flooring, turnings, construction, chips

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3496
Specific gravity0.44
HardnessN3480
Bending StrengthN/mm272.6
StiffnessN/mm29900
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%6

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Europe

Ash

Specifications

Botanical Name
Fraxinus excelsior

Other Names
NA

Origin
Western, Eastern Europe

Sapwood Colour
Not clearly to indentify from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Pink when freshly cut, turning pale brown or white upon exposure. Some dark brown to black heartwood ( olive ash )

Grain
Typical straight

Texture
Porous earlywood bands giving a coarse texture, large open pores, appear as clear visible lines on radial surfaces and as broad irregular bands on tangential surfaces

Common Uses
Furniture, mouldings, interior joinery, kitchen cabinets, doors, panelling, flooring, tool handles, turnings, sports goods, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3689
Specific gravity0.53
HardnessN6260
Bending StrengthN/mm2106
StiffnessN/mm212900
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%8

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Beech

Specifications

Botanical Name
Fagus sylvatica

Other Names
Romanian beech

Origin
Western, Eastern Europe

Sapwood Colour
Not easy to differenciate from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Freshly cut is whitish to very pale but darkens if exposed to reddish-brown

Grain
Typically straight, broad rays on longitudal faces

Texture
Fairly hard and fine, even structure

Common Uses
Furniture, toys, veneer, flooring, turnings

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3725
Specific gravity0.65
HardnessN6530
Bending StrengthN/mm2114.2
StiffnessN/mm213800
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%8

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Birch

Specifications

Botanical Name
Betula spp.

Other Names
Birch, Finnish birch, Swedish birch

Origin
Northern, Eastern Europe

Sapwood Colour
No differenciation between heartwood

Heartwood Colour
White grayish to light brown

Grain
Typically straight, plain appearance, some pin knots and irregular grain

Texture
Fine and even, small sugar pockets, spots

Common Uses
Furniture, panelling, kitchen cabinets, dowels, flooring, veneer, plywood, interior joinery, mouldings, turning

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3643
Specific gravity0.61
HardnessN5580
Bending StrengthN/mm2118.9
StiffnessN/mm214500
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%8

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Douglas Fir

Specifications

Botanical Name
Pseudotsuga menziessi

Other Names
British Columbia pine, Oregon pine

Origin
Central and North America

Sapwood Colour
Pale white to yellow

Heartwood Colour
Yellow to golden-yellow to orange

Grain
Straight towards curly

Texture
Quite uniform but sometimes uneven

Common Uses
Agricultural implements, beams, boat building, boxes, construction, flooring, furniture, plywood, pulp/paper, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3528
Specific gravity0.47
HardnessN2790
Bending StrengthN/mm286.0
StiffnessN/mm213400
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Larch

Specifications

Botanical Name
Larix decidua

Other Names
European larch, Tamarack

Origin
Europe

Sapwood Colour
Pale white to yellow

Heartwood Colour
Reddish brown

Grain
Straight

Texture
Fine

Common Uses
Boat building, flooring, lock gates, mining, poles, railroad ties, shingles, stairs, windows, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3560
Specific gravity0.55
HardnessN3370
Bending StrengthN/mm289.9
StiffnessN/mm29900
Radial shrinkage%2
Tangential shrinkage%6

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Oak, European

Specifications

Botanical Name
Quercus robur

Other Names
French oak, Yugoslavian oak

Origin
Europe

Sapwood Colour
Same as heartwood but lighter

Heartwood Colour
Yellow brown or light to dark brown

Grain
Straight grain, distinct growth rings and rays when quarter sawn

Texture
Coarse when quarter sawn

Common Uses
Furniture, flooring, doors, veneer, mouldings, exterior joinery, kitchen cabinets, construction

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3695
Specific gravity.65
HardnessN5580
Bending StrengthN/mm298.5
StiffnessN/mm210500
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxScrewingxxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Olive

Specifications

Botanical Name
Olea europea

Other Names
NA

Origin
Mediteranean

Sapwood Colour
NA

Heartwood Colour
NA

Grain
NA

Texture
NA

Common Uses
Veneer applications

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3700-800
Specific gravity
HardnessN
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%
Tangential shrinkage%

Working Properties

StabilityBending
MachiningScrewing
GluingPainting
SandingStaining

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Pine

Specifications

Botanical Name
Pinus sylvestris

Other Names
Redwood, Scots pine, Baltic redwood, Pine

Origin
Northern, Eastern Europe

Sapwood Colour
Whitish to pale yellow

Heartwood Colour
Pale reddish brown

Grain
Straight grained, with distinct early and late wood grain

Texture
Fine and even, straight grained, with distinct

Common Uses
Furniture, mouldings, joinery, kitchen cabinets, doors, panelling, construction, flooring

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3513
Specific gravity0.44
HardnessN2460
Bending StrengthN/mm286.2
StiffnessN/mm210200
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxxPaintingxxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Poplar

Specifications

Botanical Name
Populus euroamericana (Salicaceae)

Other Names
White poplar

Origin
Western, Eastern Europe

Sapwood Colour
White yellowish

Heartwood Colour
Cream white to gray

Grain
Straight slightly interlocked

Texture
Straight

Common Uses
Moulding, furniture, pallets, packing, fibre board, plywood, cellulose

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3340
Specific gravity0.45
HardnessN17
Bending StrengthN/mm256.0
StiffnessN/mm28000
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%8

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Spruce

Specifications

Botanical Name
Picea abies

Other Names
NA

Origin
Northen, central Europe

Sapwood Colour
NA

Heartwood Colour
NA

Grain
NA

Texture
NA

Common Uses
Veneer applications

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3430-460
Specific gravity
HardnessN
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%
Tangential shrinkage%

Working Properties

StabilityBending
MachiningScrewing
GluingPainting
SandingStaining

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Sycamore

Specifications

Botanical Name
Acer pseudoplanatus

Other Names
Buttonwood, Maple

Origin
Northern, Western Europe

Sapwood Colour
Whitish not distinct from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Yellowish white to golden yellow

Grain
Straight 

Texture
Fine and even

Common Uses
Boat building, turnery, flooring, furniture, interior construction, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3592
Specific gravity0.49
HardnessN4770
Bending StrengthN/mm2100.0
StiffnessN/mm210100
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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South America

Eucalyptus grandis

Specifications

Botanical Name
Eucalyptus grandis

Other Names
Blue gum, Rose gum

Origin
Australia, Brazil, South Africa. Uruguay

Sapwood Colour
Pale to greyish

Heartwood Colour
Pale red to pinkish

Grain
Interlocked

Texture
Fine

Common Uses
Agricultural implements, outdoor furniture, tool handles, decking, carpentry, poles, pulp/paper, plywood, railroad ties, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3570
Specific gravity
HardnessN6130
Bending StrengthN/mm2118.2
StiffnessN/mm214600
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Pine, Radiata

Specifications

Botanical Name
Pinus radiata

Other Names

Origin
New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, Chile

Sapwood Colour
Pale, wide and distinct from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Pink to brown

Grain
Generally straight grained, some spiral

Texture
Relative uniform, little contrast between growth rings

Common Uses
Furniture, toys, veneer, flooring, turnings, construction, chips

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3496
Specific gravity0.44
HardnessN3480
Bending StrengthN/mm272.6
StiffnessN/mm29900
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%6

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Pine, Taeda

Specifications

Botanical Name
Pinus taeda

Other Names
Loblolly pine

Origin
Southern Africa, North America, South America

Sapwood Colour
White to yellow

Heartwood Colour
Yellow to pink brown

Grain
Distinct growth rings

Texture
Medium coarse to coarse

Common Uses
Boxes, crates, carpentry, construction, poles, furniture, railroad ties, tool handles, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3512
Specific gravity0.47
HardnessN2920
Bending StrengthN/mm279.3
StiffnessN/mm210800
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%6

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Teak

Specifications

Botanical Name
Tectona grandis

Other Names
Burma teak, Jati, Java teak

Origin
Africa, Burma, Central America, Indonesia

Sapwood Colour
White yellowish

Heartwood Colour
Yellow to golden-yelow to orange

Grain
Straight

Texture
Medium coarse to coarse

Common Uses
Agricultural implements, carpentry, garden furniture, flooring, decking, dowels, kitchen cabinets, toys, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3640
Specific gravity0.57
HardnessN4700
Bending StrengthN/mm2103.6
StiffnessN/mm212100
Radial shrinkage%2
Tangential shrinkage%5

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingx
SandingxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good