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Sawn Timber

African
Afzelia/Doussie Ayous/Wawa Dibetou
Greenheart/Okan *Iroko Khaya/Mahogany
Kosipo Makore *Okoume
*Sapele *Sipo Tali
Zebrano
American
Alder *Ash Basswood
Black Cherry Cottonwood *Red Oak
*Walnut *White Oak *Yellow Poplar
Australian
*Tasmanian Oak *Victorian Ash
European
Ash *Beech *Birch
*Olive *Pear *Platanus
Poplar *Spruce Antique *Swiss Pear Heart
*Swiss Pear *Sycamore *Sycamore Figured
Walnut *Yew
South American
Andiroba/Virola *Angelim Pedra *Garapa
*Ipe Jatoba Marupa
Massaranduba Muiracatiara/Tigerwood Peruvian Walnut
Spanish Cedar/Cedro Sucupira Preta *Tatajuba
Tauari

*Certified species

Afzelia/Doussie

Botanical Name
Afzelia bipindensis, pachyloba, quanzensis

Other Names
Afzelia, Apa, Chanfuta, Doussie Papao

Origin
West and Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
Pale yellow to white

Heartwood Colour
Light brown turning reddish upon exposure

Grain
Straight to medium interlocked

Texture
Modest to even coarse

Common Uses
High quality exterior and interior joinery, flooring, doors, boat-building

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3805
Specific gravity0.62
HardnessN8200
Bending StrengthN/mm2119.0
StiffnessN/mm213200
Radial shrinkage%2
Tangential shrinkage%3

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxScrewingxxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Ayous/Wawa

Botanical Name
Triplochiton scleroxylon

Other Names
Obeche, Samba

Origin
Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
No distinction from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Creamy white yellow

Grain
Interlocked

Texture
Coarse to moderate fine

Common Uses
Blockboard, interior mouldings, sauna lining, toys, woodware, rotary veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3385
Specific gravity0.36
HardnessN1850
Bending StrengthN/mm257.0
StiffnessN/mm27300
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%9

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Dibetou

Specifications

Botanical Name
Lovoa trichiliodes

Other Names
African walnut, Bibolo, Lovoa

Origin
West and Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
Yellow to pale brown

Heartwood Colour
Yellow brown with sometimes dark streaks

Grain
Straight to interlocked

Texture
Uniform

Common Uses
Carpentry, dowels, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3512
Specific gravity0.46
HardnessN4170
Bending StrengthN/mm2778.0
StiffnessN/mm29800
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%6

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Greenheart/Okan

Specifications

Botanical Name
Cylicodiscus gabunensis

Other Names
Denya

Origin
West Africa

Sapwood Colour
Light pinkish to red turning grayish after sunlight exposure

Heartwood Colour
Yellow to gold-brown when green turning reddish to dark brown upon sunlight exposure

Grain
Very irregular and interlocked

Texture
Moderate uniform

Common Uses
Heavy construction, railroad ties, flooring

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3950
Specific gravity0.85
HardnessN12500
Bending StrengthN/mm2133.0
StiffnessN/mm217000
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxPaintingx
SandingxxxStainingx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Iroko

Specifications

Botanical Name
Chlorophora excelsa

Other Names
Kambala

Origin
West and Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
Yellowish to white

Heartwood Colour
Dark yellow to brown yellow when green turning gold brown upon exposure to sunlight

Grain
Modest interlocked

Texture
Moderate coarse and even

Common Uses
Window and door frames, flooring, furniture, stairs, garden furniture

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3680
Specific gravity0.70
HardnessN6300
Bending StrengthN/mm294.0
StiffnessN/mm210900
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%5

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingx
MachiningxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Khaya/Mahogany

Specifications

Botanical Name
Khaya grandfolia, ivorensis

Other Names
Acajou, Khaya mahogany

Origin
West, East Africa

Sapwood Colour
Cream white to yellowish, not always distinct from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Light pinkish-brown to dark red with purple shade upon exposure

Grain
Interlocked

Texture
Moderate coarse with interlocked grain

Common Uses
Veneer, plywood, joinery, furniture, mouldings, doors, frames, turnings, construction

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3512
Specific gravity0.46
HardnessN4170
Bending StrengthN/mm2778.0
StiffnessN/mm29800
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%6

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Kosipo

Specifications

Botanical Name
Entandrophragma candollei

Other Names
Heavy sapelewood, Omu, Pepedom

Origin
Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
Pale or gray

Heartwood Colour
Dark mahogany or red-brown

Grain
Straight and interlocked

Texture
MMedium coarse and even

Common Uses
Outdoor and indoor joinery, furniture, doors, frames, flooring, boat-building, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3750
Specific gravity0.68
HardnessN5200
Bending StrengthN/mm2116.2
StiffnessN/mm29800
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingx
MachiningxxScrewingxxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Makore

Specifications

Botanical Name
Tieghemella heckelii

Other Names
African cherry, Douka, Edinam, Opepe

Origin
West and Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
White to yellow

Heartwood Colour
Reddish brown

Grain
Figure and straight

Texture
Medium fine

Common Uses
Boat building, carpentry, flooring, funiture, heavy construction, kitchen cabinets, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3689
Specific gravity0.60
HardnessN5860
Bending StrengthN/mm2102.8
StiffnessN/mm210500
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxxx
GluingxxxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Okoume

Specifications

Botanical Name
Aucoumea klaineana

Other Names
Gaboon, Gaboon mahogany

Origin
Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
Central Africa

Heartwood Colour
Pink to light reddish brown

Grain
Slightly interlocked, sometimes curly

Texture
Moderate fine

Common Uses
Rotary and sliced veneer, plywood, blockboards, mouldings, wall panelling

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3450
Specific gravity0.39
HardnessN1980
Bending StrengthN/mm268.1
StiffnessN/mm28300
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%6

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Sapele

Specifications

Botanical Name
Entandrophragma cylindricum

Other Names
Sapeli

Origin
Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
Gray-pink or cream

Heartwood Colour
Pink when freshly cut to red-brown or purple brown

Grain
Interlocked

Texture
Moderate fine

Common Uses
Rotary and sliced veneer, plywood, mouldings, flooring

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3690
Specific gravity0.58
HardnessN6850
Bending StrengthN/mm2115.8
StiffnessN/mm212000
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingx
MachiningxxxScrewingx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Sipo

Specifications

Botanical Name
Entandrophragma utile

Other Names
Sapele mahogony

Origin
West-Africa / Central-Africa

Sapwood Colour
Yellow pinkish

Heartwood Colour
Reddish brown

Grain
Interlocked cross

Texture
Interlocked and coarse

Common Uses
Boat building, furniture, dowels, flooring, heavy construction, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3641
Specific gravity0.62
HardnessN5000
Bending StrengthN/mm2109.9
StiffnessN/mm211300
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%6

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingx
MachiningxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Tali

Specifications

Botanical Name
Erythrophleum guineense, ivorense

Other Names
Elone, Sasswood

Origin
West and Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
Cream white to yellow

Heartwood Colour
Red brown turing darker upon sunlight exposure

Grain
Interlocked and irregular

Texture
Coarse to very coarse

Common Uses
Heavy construction, railroad ties, interior flooring

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3890
Specific gravity0.78
HardnessN13000
Bending StrengthN/mm2154.0
StiffnessN/mm216300
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%8

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingx
MachiningxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingx
SandingxxxStainingx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Zebrano

Specifications

Botanical Name
Microberlinia brazzavillensis

Other Names
Zebrawood, Zingana

Origin
Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
White to yellow

Heartwood Colour
Yellow to golden orange, light & dark streaks

Grain
Interlocked and wavy

Texture
Medium to coarse

Common Uses
Boat building, carpentry, kitchen cabinets, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3801
Specific gravity0.66
HardnessN9510
Bending StrengthN/mm26030.0
StiffnessN/mm215200
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%10

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

American

Alder

Specifications

Botanical Name
Alnus Rubra

Other Names
Oregon alder, Pacific Coast alder, Red Alder

Origin
North America

Sapwood Colour
Whitish

Heartwood Colour
Initially white turning reddish brown

Grain
Straight

Texture
Fine, even and close

Common Uses
Furniture, interior construction, carpentry, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3450
Specific gravity0.29
HardnessN2450
Bending StrengthN/mm274.8
StiffnessN/mm211400
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%6

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Ash

Specifications

Botanical Name
Fraxinus americana

Other Names
Northern ash, Southern ash, White ash

Origin
North America

Sapwood Colour
Narrow sapwood nearly white

Heartwood Colour
Pale brown, grayish brown, light brown or pale yellow streaked with brown

Grain
Bold, straight, moderately open with occasional wavy pattern. Flat sawn boards usually have a strong contrast in grain

Texture
Normally coarse textured

Common Uses
Furniture, flooring, doors, achitectural interiors, high class interior joinery, moulding, kitchen cabinets, panelling, tool handles, sports goods, turning, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3670
Specific gravity0.62
HardnessN5990
Bending StrengthN/mm2105.8
StiffnessN/mm212000
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingxxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

American-Basswood

Specifications

Botanical Name
Tilia americana

Other Names
American whitewood, Linden

Origin
Eastern USA

Sapwood Colour
Creamy white merging into heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Pale to light reddish brown sometimes with dark streaks

Grain
Straight and fine

Texture
Uniform

Common Uses
Carving, turning, furniture, mouldings, internal joinery, musical instruments, venetian blinds

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3416
Specific gravity0.37
HardnessN1824
Bending StrengthN/mm259.6
StiffnessN/mm29900
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%9

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Cherry

Specifications

Botanical Name
Prunus serotina

Other Names
American cherry, Black cherry

Origin
North Eastern USA, Canada

Sapwood Colour
White to reddish brown or creamy pink

Heartwood Colour
Pink-brown

Grain
Fine but sometimes dark wavy streaks which are striking in appearance

Texture
Fine and uniform texture, often narrow brown pith flecks and small gum pockets

Common Uses
Furniture, cabinet making, kitchen cabinets, mouldings, panelling, flooring, doors, turning, carving, musical instruments, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3545
Specific gravity0.49
HardnessN3520
Bending StrengthN/mm287.1
StiffnessN/mm211600
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Cottonwood

Specifications

Botanical Name
Populus deltoides

Other Names
Eastern poplar, White poplar

Origin
North America

Sapwood Colour
Whitish, merging into heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Grayish white to light grayish brown

Grain
Typically straight grain

Texture
Uniform

Common Uses
Furniture, interior joinery, mouldings, toys, kitchen utensils, venetian blinds, pallets, crates

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3421
Specific gravity0.42
HardnessN1720
Bending StrengthN/mm259.8
StiffnessN/mm29100
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%9

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Red Oak

Specifications

Botanical Name
Quercus rubra

Other Names
Northern red oak, Southern red oak

Origin
North and Central America

Sapwood Colour
Whitish to grayish or pale reddish brown

Heartwood Colour
Pinkish to light reddish brown or light brown

Grain
Straight and open grain, small flake pattern when quarter sawn (tiger rays or butterflies) but not as visible as white oak

Texture
From the northern region are less coarse than the faster growing southern red oak, rays are mostly shorter, narrower and darker than white oak rays

Common Uses
Furniture, flooring, architectural interiors, internal joinery, mouldings, doors, kitchen cabinets, veneer, construction, panelling, coffins, caskets

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3689
Specific gravity0.64
HardnessN5450
Bending StrengthN/mm298.8
StiffnessN/mm212300
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%8

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Walnut

Specifications

Botanical Name
Juglans nigra

Other Names
Black walnut

Origin
Central USA

Sapwood Colour
Creamy white

Heartwood Colour
Light brown to dark brown and dark streaks

Grain
Usually straight occasionally wavy or irregular

Texture
Uniform but coarse

Common Uses
Furniture, cabinetry, interior decoration, doors, flooring, panelling

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3641
Specific gravity0.55
HardnessN4492
Bending StrengthN/mm2105.2
StiffnessN/mm211800
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

White Oak

Specifications

Botanical Name
Northern white oak, Southern white oak

Other Names
North America

Origin
North America

Sapwood Colour
Whitish to light brown

Heartwood Colour
Pale yellow brown to pale or dark brown

Grain
Open grain, longer rays then red oak, occasional swirls and burls, tighter grain pattern, quarter sawn has distinct flake pattern (tiger rays or butterflies)

Texture
Medium to coarse

Common Uses
Furniture, flooring, architectural interiors, exterior joinery, mouldings, doors, kitchen cabinets, paneling, construction, railway sleepers, timber bridges, barrel staves, coffins, caskets, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3753
Specific gravity0.67
HardnessN6170
Bending StrengthN/mm2106.9
StiffnessN/mm212500
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%10

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Yellow Poplar

Specifications

Botanical Name
Liriodendron tulipifera

Other Names
American tulipwood, Poplar, Tulip poplar

Origin
Eastern USA

Sapwood Colour
Whitish or creamy

Heartwood Colour
Pale-olive to brown, or clear yellow to greenish brown, sometimes blue coloured streakes or shades of purple, dark green, blue and black

Grain
Straight

Texture
Fine and even

Common Uses
Furniture, mouldings, interior joinery, kitchen cabinets, doors, panelling, turning, carving

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3465
Specific gravity0.38
HardnessN205
Bending StrengthN/mm265
StiffnessN/mm211000
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Australian

Oak, Tasmanian

Specifications

Botanical Name
Eucalyptus regnans / delegatensis / obliqua

Other Names
Australian oak, Messmate, Mountain ash, Victorian oak

Origin
Australia

Sapwood Colour
Not distinct from the heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Pale brown to greyish

Grain
Generally straight

Texture
Medium coarse

Common Uses
Construction, boxes, broom handles, carpentry, doors/windows, flooring, furniture, tool handles, mining timbers, piling, pulp/paper, staircases, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3650-780
Specific gravity0.70
HardnessN6500
Bending StrengthN/mm2111.1
StiffnessN/mm215000
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%9

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingxxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Ash, Victorian

Specifications

Botanical Name
Eucalyptus delegatensis / regnans

Other Names
Alpine ash, Australian oak, Mountain ash

Origin
Australia

Sapwood Colour
Not distinct from the heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Pale brown to light grey

Grain
Generally straight

Texture
Medium coarse

Common Uses
Construction, boxes, broom handles, carpentry, doors/windows, flooring, furniture, tool handles, mining timbers, piling, pulp/paper, staircases, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3650
Specific gravity0.62
HardnessN4510
Bending StrengthN/mm2100.6
StiffnessN/mm213700
Radial shrinkage%6
Tangential shrinkage%10

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingxxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

European

Ash

Specifications

Botanical Name
Fraxinus excelsior

Other Names
NA

Origin
Western, Eastern Europe

Sapwood Colour
Not clearly to indentify from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Pink when freshly cut, turning pale brown or white upon exposure. Some dark brown to black heartwood ( olive ash )

Grain
Typical straight

Texture
Porous earlywood bands giving a coarse texture, large open pores, appear as clear visible lines on radial surfaces and as broad irregular bands on tangential surfaces

Common Uses
Furniture, mouldings, interior joinery, kitchen cabinets, doors, panelling, flooring, tool handles, turnings, sports goods, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3689
Specific gravity0.53
HardnessN6260
Bending StrengthN/mm2106
StiffnessN/mm212900
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%8

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Beech

Specifications

Botanical Name
Fagus sylvatica

Other Names
Romanian beech

Origin
Western, Eastern Europe

Sapwood Colour
Not easy to differenciate from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Freshly cut is whitish to very pale but darkens if exposed to reddish-brown

Grain
Typically straight, broad rays on longitudal faces

Texture
Fairly hard and fine, even structure

Common Uses
Furniture, toys, veneer, flooring, turnings

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3725
Specific gravity0.65
HardnessN6530
Bending StrengthN/mm2114.2
StiffnessN/mm213800
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%8

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Birch

Specifications

Botanical Name
Betula spp.

Other Names
Birch, Finnish birch, Swedish birch

Origin
Northern, Eastern Europe

Sapwood Colour
No differenciation between heartwood

Heartwood Colour
White grayish to light brown

Grain
Typically straight, plain appearance, some pin knots and irregular grain

Texture
Fine and even, small sugar pockets, spots

Common Uses
Furniture, panelling, kitchen cabinets, dowels, flooring, veneer, plywood, interior joinery, mouldings, turning

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3643
Specific gravity0.61
HardnessN5580
Bending StrengthN/mm2118.9
StiffnessN/mm214500
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%8

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Olive

Specifications

Botanical Name
Olea europea

Other Names
NA

Origin
Mediteranean

Sapwood Colour
NA

Heartwood Colour
NA

Grain
NA

Texture
NA

Common Uses
Veneer applications

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3700-800
Specific gravity
HardnessN
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%
Tangential shrinkage%

Working Properties

StabilityBending
MachiningScrewing
GluingPainting
SandingStaining

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Pear

Specifications

Botanical Name
Pyrus communis

Other Names
NA

Origin
Europe, north america

Sapwood Colour
NA

Heartwood Colour
NA

Grain
NA

Texture
NA

Common Uses
Veneer applications

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3710-750
Specific gravity
HardnessN
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%
Tangential shrinkage%

Working Properties

StabilityBending
MachiningScrewing
GluingPainting
SandingStaining

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Platanus

Specifications

Botanical Name
Platanus acerifolia

Other Names
NA

Origin
Europe

Sapwood Colour
NA

Heartwood Colour
NA

Grain
NA

Texture
NA

Common Uses
Veneer applications

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3540-640
Specific gravity
HardnessN
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%
Tangential shrinkage%

Working Properties

StabilityBending
MachiningScrewing
GluingPainting
SandingStaining

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Poplar

Specifications

Botanical Name
Populus euroamericana (Salicaceae)

Other Names
White poplar

Origin
Western, Eastern Europe

Sapwood Colour
White yellowish

Heartwood Colour
Cream white to gray

Grain
Straight slightly interlocked

Texture
Straight

Common Uses
Moulding, furniture, pallets, packing, fibre board, plywood, cellulose

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3340
Specific gravity0.45
HardnessN17
Bending StrengthN/mm256.0
StiffnessN/mm28000
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%8

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Spruce Antique

Specifications

Botanical Name
Picea abies

Other Names
NA

Origin
Northen, central Europe

Sapwood Colour
NA

Heartwood Colour
NA

Grain
NA

Texture
NA

Common Uses
Veneer applications

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3430-460
Specific gravity
HardnessN
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%
Tangential shrinkage%

Working Properties

StabilityBending
MachiningScrewing
GluingPainting
SandingStaining

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Swiss Pear Heart

Specifications

Botanical Name
Sorbus torminalis Crantz

Other Names
NA

Origin
Central, Southern Europe

Sapwood Colour
NA

Heartwood Colour
NA

Grain
NA

Texture
NA

Common Uses
Veneer applications

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3730-760
Specific gravity
HardnessN
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%
Tangential shrinkage%

Working Properties

StabilityBending
MachiningScrewing
GluingPainting
SandingStaining

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Swiss Pear

Specifications

Botanical Name
Sorbus torminalis Crantz

Other Names
NA

Origin
Central, Southern Europe

Sapwood Colour
NA

Heartwood Colour
NA

Grain
NA

Texture
NA

Common Uses
Veneer applications

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3730-760
Specific gravity
HardnessN
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%
Tangential shrinkage%

Working Properties

StabilityBending
MachiningScrewing
GluingPainting
SandingStaining

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Sycamore

Specifications

Botanical Name
Acer pseudoplanatus

Other Names
Buttonwood, Maple

Origin
Northern, Western Europe

Sapwood Colour
Whitish not distinct from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Yellowish white to golden yellow

Grain
Straight 

Texture
Fine and even

Common Uses
Boat building, turnery, flooring, furniture, interior construction, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3592
Specific gravity0.49
HardnessN4770
Bending StrengthN/mm2100.0
StiffnessN/mm210100
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Sycamore Figured

Specifications

Botanical Name
Acer spp.

Other Names
NA

Origin
Northern, Western Europe

Sapwood Colour
NA

Heartwood Colour
NA

Grain
NA

Texture
NA

Common Uses
Veneer applications

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3540-590
Specific gravity
HardnessN
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%
Tangential shrinkage%

Working Properties

StabilityBending
MachiningScrewing
GluingPainting
SandingStaining

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Yew

Specifications

Botanical Name
Taxus baccata

Other Names
NA

Origin
Europe, North Africa

Sapwood Colour
NA

Heartwood Colour
NA

Grain
NA

Texture
NA

Common Uses
Veneer applications

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3640-670
Specific gravity
HardnessN
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%
Tangential shrinkage%

Working Properties

StabilityBending
MachiningScrewing
GluingPainting
SandingStaining

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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South American

Andiroba/Virola

Specifications

Botanical Name
Virola suramensis

Other Names
Baboen, Dalli

Origin
Central America

Sapwood Colour
Yellowish brown distinct from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Golden brown with a reddish cast

Grain
Straight

Texture
Medium to coarse

Common Uses
Building construction, decorative veneer,

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3528
Specific gravity0.51
HardnessN2450
Bending StrengthN/mm266.4
StiffnessN/mm212800
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%9

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Angelim Pedra

Specifications

Botanical Name
Hymenolobium spp.

Other Names

Origin
Central America

Sapwood Colour
White to Yellow

Heartwood Colour
Brown yellow to brown orange

Grain
Slightly interlocked

Texture
Coarse

Common Uses
Furniture, carpentry, decking, flooring, window & door frames, contruction

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3770
Specific gravity0.64
HardnessN8880
Bending StrengthN/mm2128.3
StiffnessN/mm214500
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxxx
MachiningxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Garapa

Specifications

Botanical Name
Apuleia leiocarpa

Other Names
Grapia, Muirajuba, Cobre, Ana caspi

Origin
Central America

Sapwood Colour
Light yellow

Heartwood Colour
Yellow to brown yellow

Grain
Interlocked

Texture
Fine to medium, traces of silica

Common Uses
Construction, flooring, marine construction, truck flooring

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3830
Specific gravity0.70
HardnessN7180
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%6
Tangential shrinkage%11

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingx
MachiningxxScrewingxxx
GluingxPaintingxxx
SandingxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Ipa

Specifications

Botanical Name
Tabebuia serratifolia

Other Names
Amapa, Lapacho negro, Flor amarillo, Greenheart, Tajibo

Origin
Central America

Sapwood Colour
Yellowish white

Heartwood Colour
Medium brown with light or dark streaks

Grain
Straight, interlocked

Texture
Fine to medium

Common Uses
Decking, flooring, construction, external carpentry, doors, windows, mouldings, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3945
Specific gravity0.92
HardnessN15150
Bending StrengthN/mm2180.5
StiffnessN/mm221200
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%6

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Marupa

Specifications

Botanical Name
Simarouba amara

Other Names
Acajou blanc, Aceituno, Cedro blanco

Origin
Northern South America

Sapwood Colour
Whitish or straw coloured

Heartwood Colour
No distinct difference from sapwood

Grain
Straight

Texture
Medium to coarse

Common Uses
Mouldings, furniture, interior construction, carpentry, veneer, plywood, musical instruments

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3415
Specific gravity0.38
HardnessN1730
Bending StrengthN/mm268.5
StiffnessN/mm29200
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%6

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Massaranduda

Specifications

Botanical Name
Manilkara bidentara

Other Names
Bulletwood, Quinilla, Quinilla colorado

Origin
Central America

Sapwood Colour
White or pale brown not distinct from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Light dark brown

Grain
Straight occasionally interlocked

Texture
Fine and uniform

Common Uses
Heavy construction, furniture components, turning, tool handles, flooring, boat building

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3961
Specific gravity0.96
HardnessN13900
Bending StrengthN/mm2180.0
StiffnessN/mm222300
Radial shrinkage%6
Tangential shrinkage%9

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Muiracatiara/Tigerwood

Specifications

Botanical Name
Astronium ssp.

Other Names
Locuswood, Muiraquatiara, Zebrawood

Origin
South and Central America

Sapwood Colour
White to yellow

Heartwood Colour
Reddish brown to range red

Grain
Irregular and interlocked

Texture
Fine to medium

Common Uses
Boat building, construction, carpentry, tool handles, railroad ties, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3961
Specific gravity0.85
HardnessN10260
Bending StrengthN/mm2130.9
StiffnessN/mm216700
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%8

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingx
MachiningxxScrewingxx
GluingxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Peruvian Walnut

Specifications

Botanical Name
Juglans neotropica

Other Names
Black walnut, Nogal, Nogal negro

Origin
Central America

Sapwood Colour
White

Heartwood Colour
Dark brown

Grain
Straight

Texture
Medium

Common Uses
Flooring, carpentry, furniture

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3620
Specific gravity0.65
HardnessN0
Bending StrengthN/mm20
StiffnessN/mm20
Radial shrinkage%0
Tangential shrinkage%0

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Spanish Cedar/Cedro

Specifications

Botanical Name

Other Names

Origin

Sapwood Colour


Heartwood Colour

Grain

Texture

Common Uses

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3
Specific gravity
HardnessN
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%
Tangential shrinkage%

Working Properties

StabilityBending
MachiningScrewing
GluingPainting
SandingStaining

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Sucupira Preta

Specifications

Botanical Name
Diplotropis martiusii

Other Names
Arenillo, Sapupira, Tatabu

Origin
Central America

Sapwood Colour
White to yellow

Heartwood Colour
Drak brown to reddish

Grain
Interlocked

Texture
Medium coarse

Common Uses
Boat building, brush handles, carpentry, tool handles, railroad ties

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3865
Specific gravity
HardnessN
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxxx
MachiningxScrewingxxx
GluingxPaintingxxx
SandingxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Tatajuba

Specifications

Botanical Name
Bagassa guianensis

Other Names
Bagasse, Brazilian iroko

Origin
Central America

Sapwood Colour
Pale yellow to yellowish white

Heartwood Colour
Yellow truning dark after sun exposure

Grain
Slightly interlocked

Texture
Medium to coarse

Common Uses
Flooring, carpentry, furniture, exterior and interior joinery, stairs, mouldings

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3785
Specific gravity0.70
HardnessN7760
Bending StrengthN/mm2146.0
StiffnessN/mm218000
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%6

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingx
MachiningxxxScrewingx
GluingxxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Tauari

Specifications

Botanical Name
Couratari spp.

Other Names
NA

Origin
Central America

Sapwood Colour
Similar like heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Yellow brownish to dark brown

Grain
Straight

Texture
Medium coarse

Common Uses
Construction, flooring, joinery, furniture

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3650-680
Specific gravity0
HardnessN
Bending StrengthN/mm29630
StiffnessN/mm213400
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good

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