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Logs

Specifications

Botanical Name
E. pilularis

Other Names

Origin
West and Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
Pale pink to reddish, not distinct from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Pale brown to reddish pink

Grain
Figure and straight

Texture
Medium fine

Common Uses
Carpentry, kitchen cabinets, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3560
Specific gravity0.39
HardnessN4410
Bending StrengthN/mm272.3
StiffnessN/mm28000
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Specifications

Botanical Name
Accia Harpophylla

Other Names

Origin
Queensland, Australia

Sapwood Colour
Yellow and quite distinctive

Heartwood Colour
Dark reddish brown

Grain
Figure and straight

Texture
Moderately fine

Common Uses
Fine furniture

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3950
Specific gravity
HardnessJanka kN10
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%1.5
Tangential shrinkage%3.0

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Specifications

Botanical Name
Erythrophleum Chlorostachys

Other Names
Messmate Stringybark

Origin
Queensland, Australia

Sapwood Colour
Deep rich red colour


Heartwood Colour
Red

Grain
Swirls on some pieces

Texture
Moderately fine

Common Uses
Bridge construction, heavy flooring , musical instruments

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m31220
Specific gravity
HardnessJanka kN14
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%2.0
Tangential shrinkage%3.0

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Cypress Pine

Specifications

Botanical Name
Callitris Glaicophylla

Other Names

Origin
Queensland, New South Wales, Australia

Sapwood Colour
Yellow, White


Heartwood Colour

Grain
Swirls on some pieces

Texture
Moderately fine

Common Uses
Flooring, cladding and fencing material.

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3680
Specific gravity
HardnessJanka kN14
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%2.0
Tangential shrinkage%3.0

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Flooded Gum

Specifications

Botanical Name
Eucalyptus Grandis

Other Names

Origin
Queensland, New South Wales, Australia

Sapwood Colour
Yellow, White


Heartwood Colour

Grain
Swirls on some pieces

Texture
Moderately fine

Common Uses
Flooring, cladding and fencing material.

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3620
Specific gravity
HardnessJanka kN7.5
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%4.0
Tangential shrinkage%7.0

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Forest Red Gum

Specifications

Botanical Name
E. Tereticornis

Other Names

Origin
Queensland, Australia

Sapwood Colour
Lush red


Heartwood Colour

Grain
tight interlocking

Texture
Moderately fine

Common Uses
Bridge, railway, framing, flooring etc

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m31050
Specific gravity
HardnessJanka kN12
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%5.0
Tangential shrinkage%8.0

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Gidgee

Specifications

Botanical Name
Acacia Cambagei

Other Names

Origin
Queensland, Australia

Sapwood Colour
Lush red


Heartwood Colour

Grain
tight interlocking

Texture
Moderately fine

Common Uses
Bridge, railway, framing, flooring etc

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m31050
Specific gravity
HardnessJanka kN12
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%5.0
Tangential shrinkage%8.0

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Grey Ironbark

Specifications

Botanical Name
E.paniculate

Other Names

Origin
Queensland, New South Wales Australia

Sapwood Colour


Heartwood Colour

Grain

Texture

Common Uses
Boat, coach, vehicle

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m31120
Specific gravity
HardnessJanka kN14
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%4.5
Tangential shrinkage%7.5

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Hoop Pine

Specifications

Botanical Name
Aruacaria Cunninghamii

Other Names

Origin
Queensland, Australia

Sapwood Colour


Heartwood Colour

Grain

Texture

Common Uses
Fencing, pergolas, landscaping,musical instruments, drafting instruments

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3530
Specific gravity
HardnessJanka kN3.4
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%2.5
Tangential shrinkage%3.5

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Jarrah

Specifications

Botanical Name
E. marginate

Other Names

Origin
Western Australia, Australia

Sapwood Colour


Heartwood Colour

Grain

Texture

Common Uses

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3820
Specific gravity
HardnessJanka kN8.5
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%5.0
Tangential shrinkage%7.5

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Karri

Specifications

Botanical Name
E.divericolor

Other Names

Origin
Western Australia, Australia

Sapwood Colour


Heartwood Colour

Grain

Texture

Common Uses
for general construction, 
framing, joists, shipbuilding, sleepers, guides or side beams in mines, structural plywood, roofing 
timbers and pulp and paper

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3900
Specific gravity
HardnessJanka kN9
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%4.5
Tangential shrinkage%10.0

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Lancewood

Specifications

Botanical Name
E.Acacia Shirleyi

Other Names

Origin
Western Australia, Australia

Sapwood Colour
Chocolate-hued


Heartwood Colour
Darkly colored wood

Grain

Texture

Common Uses
Furniture, musical instrument

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3
Specific gravity
HardnessJanka kN17.3
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%1.0
Tangential shrinkage%1.8

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Marri

Specifications

Botanical Name
E. calophylla

Other Names

Origin
Western Australia, Australia

Sapwood Colour
Honey coloured


Heartwood Colour

Grain

Texture

Common Uses
Flooring, construction, sporting equipment

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3
Specific gravity
HardnessJanka kN17.3
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%1.0
Tangential shrinkage%1.8

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Melville Island Bloodwood

Specifications

Botanical Name
Corymbia Nesophila

Other Names

Origin
Western Australia, Australia

Sapwood Colour
Dark pink to red


Heartwood Colour

Grain
Attractive interlocked grain

Texture

Common Uses
Indoor and outdoor furniture, flooring, decking, fencing, cladding, landscaping

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m31170
Specific gravity
HardnessJanka kN12.8
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%1.5
Tangential shrinkage%2.5

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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New England Blackbutt

Specifications

Botanical Name
Eucalyputs adrewsii

Other Names

Origin
Western Australia, Australia

Sapwood Colour
Paler brown in appearance


Heartwood Colour
Pale brown

Grain
Attractive interlocked grain

Texture
Even texture and generally straight grain

Common Uses
Construction, flooring and joinery

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3930
Specific gravity
HardnessJanka kN2
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%5.0
Tangential shrinkage%10.0

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Red Ironbark

Specifications

Botanical Name
E.crebra

Other Names

Origin
Western Australia, Australia

Sapwood Colour


Heartwood Colour

Grain

Texture

Common Uses
Construction materials, indoor & outdoor furniture

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m31130
Specific gravity
HardnessJanka kN1
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%3.5
Tangential shrinkage%7.0

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Spotted Gum

Specifications

Botanical Name
Corymbia citriodora C.maculata

Other Names

Origin
Western Australia, Australia

Sapwood Colour
Light brown


Heartwood Colour
Dark red-brown

Grain

Texture

Common Uses
Wharf, bridge construction, railway sleepers, cross-arms and mining timbers. flooring, lining, decking

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m31010
Specific gravity
HardnessJanka kN1
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%4.5
Tangential shrinkage%6.0

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Turpentine

Specifications

Botanical Name
Syncarpia Glomuntera

Other Names

Origin
Western Australia, Australia

Sapwood Colour
Light brown


Heartwood Colour
Dark red-brown

Grain

Texture

Common Uses
Wharf, bridge construction, railway sleepers, cross-arms and mining timbers. flooring, lining, decking

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m31010
Specific gravity
HardnessJanka kN1
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%4.5
Tangential shrinkage%6.0

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

American

Ash

Specifications

Botanical Name
Fraxinus excelsior

Other Names
NA

Origin
Western, Eastern Europe

Sapwood Colour
Not clearly to indentify from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Pink when freshly cut, turning pale brown or white upon exposure. Some dark brown to black heartwood ( olive ash )

Grain
Typical straight

Texture
Porous earlywood bands giving a coarse texture, large open pores, appear as clear visible lines on radial surfaces and as broad irregular bands on tangential surfaces

Common Uses
Furniture, mouldings, interior joinery, kitchen cabinets, doors, panelling, flooring, tool handles, turnings, sports goods, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3689
Specific gravity0.53
HardnessN6260
Bending StrengthN/mm2106
StiffnessN/mm212900
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%8

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Black Cherry

Specifications

Botanical Name
Prunus serotina

Other Names
American Cherry, Black Cherry

Origin
North Eastern USA, Canada

Sapwood Colour
White to reddish brown or creamy pink

Heartwood Colour
Pink-brown

Grain
Fine but sometimes dark wavy streaks which are striking in appearance

Texture
Fine and uniform texture, often narrow brown pith flecks and small gum pockets

Common Uses
Furniture, cabinet making, kitchen cabinets, mouldings, panelling, flooring, doors, turning, carving, musical instruments, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3545
Specific gravity0.49
HardnessN3520
Bending StrengthN/mm287.1
StiffnessN/mm211600
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Douglas Fir

Specifications

Botanical Name
Pseudotsuga menziessi

Other Names
British Columbia Pine, Oregon Pine

Origin
Central and North America

Sapwood Colour
Pale white to yellow

Heartwood Colour
Yellow to golden-yellow to orange

Grain
Straight towards curly

Texture
Quite uniform but sometimes uneven

Common Uses
Agricultural implements, beams, boat building, boxes, construction, flooring, furniture, plywood, pulp/paper, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3528
Specific gravity0.47
HardnessN2790
Bending StrengthN/mm286.0
StiffnessN/mm213400
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Hard Maple

Specifications

Botanical Name
Acer saccharum

Other Names
Black Maple, Rock Maple, Sugar Maple

Origin
North America

Sapwood Colour
White with reddish tinge, possible pith flecks

Heartwood Colour
Uniformly pale reddish brown or light tan, possible pith flecks

Grain
Typical straight but sometimes curly or wavy, close grained and occasional bird`s eye, maple burl, blistered, leaf and fiddleback

Texture
Fine and even texture

Common Uses
Flooring, furniture, panelling, kitchen cabinets, work & tabletops, interior joinery, stairs, handrails, mouldings, doors, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3722
Specific gravity0.56
HardnessN6180
Bending StrengthN/mm2111.1
StiffnessN/mm212900
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%9

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxxx
SandingxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Red Oak

Specifications

Botanical Name
Quercus rubra

Other Names
Northern Red Oak, Southern Red Oak

Origin
North and Central America

Sapwood Colour
Whitish to grayish or pale reddish brown

Heartwood Colour
Pinkish to light reddish brown or light brown

Grain
Straight and open grain, small flake pattern when quarter sawn (tiger rays or butterflies) but not as visible as white oak

Texture
From the northern region are less coarse than the faster growing southern red oak, rays are mostly shorter, narrower and darker than white oak rays

Common Uses
Furniture, flooring, architectural interiors, internal joinery, mouldings, doors, kitchen cabinets, veneer, construction, panelling, coffins, caskets

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3689
Specific gravity0.64
HardnessN5450
Bending StrengthN/mm298.8
StiffnessN/mm212300
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%8

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

White Oak

Specifications

Botanical Name
Northern White Oak, Southern White Oak

Other Names
North America

Origin
North America

Sapwood Colour
Whitish to light brown

Heartwood Colour
Pale yellow brown to pale or dark brown

Grain
Open grain, longer rays then red oak, occasional swirls and burls, tighter grain pattern, quarter sawn has distinct flake pattern (tiger rays or butterflies)

Texture
Medium to coarse

Common Uses
Furniture, flooring, architectural interiors, exterior joinery, mouldings, doors, kitchen cabinets, paneling, construction, railway sleepers, timber bridges, barrel staves, coffins, caskets, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3753
Specific gravity0.67
HardnessN6170
Bending StrengthN/mm2106.9
StiffnessN/mm212500
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%10

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Walnut

Specifications

Botanical Name
Juglans nigra

Other Names
Black walnut

Origin
Central USA

Sapwood Colour
Creamy white

Heartwood Colour
Light brown to dark brown and dark streaks

Grain
Usually straight occasionally wavy or irregular

Texture
Uniform but coarse

Common Uses
Furniture, cabinetry, interior decoration, doors, flooring, panelling

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3641
Specific gravity0.55
HardnessN4492
Bending StrengthN/mm2105.2
StiffnessN/mm211800
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

African

Anegre

Specifications

Botanical Name
Aningeria spp.

Other Names
Aniegre, Aningeria

Origin
West and Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
Pale pink to reddish, not distinct from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Pale brown to reddish pink

Grain
Figure and straight

Texture
Medium fine

Common Uses
Carpentry, kitchen cabinets, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3560
Specific gravity0.39
HardnessN4410
Bending StrengthN/mm272.3
StiffnessN/mm28000
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Afzelia/Doussie

Botanical Name
Afzelia bipindensis, pachyloba, quanzensis

Other Names
Afzelia, Apa, Chanfuta, Doussie Papao

Origin
West and Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
Pale yellow to white

Heartwood Colour
Light brown turning reddish upon exposure

Grain
Straight to medium interlocked

Texture
Modest to even coarse

Common Uses
High quality exterior and interior joinery, flooring, doors, boat-building

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3805
Specific gravity0.62
HardnessN8200
Bending StrengthN/mm2119.0
StiffnessN/mm213200
Radial shrinkage%2
Tangential shrinkage%3

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxScrewingxxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Ayous/Wawa

Botanical Name
Triplochiton scleroxylon

Other Names
Obeche, Samba

Origin
Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
No distinction from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Creamy white yellow

Grain
Interlocked

Texture
Coarse to moderate fine

Common Uses
Blockboard, interior mouldings, sauna lining, toys, woodware, rotary veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3385
Specific gravity0.36
HardnessN1850
Bending StrengthN/mm257.0
StiffnessN/mm27300
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%9

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxxScrewingx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Sapele

Specifications

Botanical Name
Entandrophragma cylindricum

Other Names
Sapeli

Origin
Central Africa

Sapwood Colour
Gray-pink or cream

Heartwood Colour
Pink when freshly cut to red-brown or purple brown

Grain
Interlocked

Texture
Moderate fine

Common Uses
Rotary and sliced veneer, plywood, mouldings, flooring

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3690
Specific gravity0.58
HardnessN6850
Bending StrengthN/mm2115.8
StiffnessN/mm212000
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingx
MachiningxxxScrewingx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

European

Ash

Specifications

Botanical Name
Fraxinus excelsior

Other Names
NA

Origin
Western, Eastern Europe

Sapwood Colour
Not clearly to indentify from heartwood

Heartwood Colour
Pink when freshly cut, turning pale brown or white upon exposure. Some dark brown to black heartwood ( olive ash )

Grain
Typical straight

Texture
Porous earlywood bands giving a coarse texture, large open pores, appear as clear visible lines on radial surfaces and as broad irregular bands on tangential surfaces

Common Uses
Furniture, mouldings, interior joinery, kitchen cabinets, doors, panelling, flooring, tool handles, turnings, sports goods, veneer

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3689
Specific gravity0.53
HardnessN6260
Bending StrengthN/mm2106
StiffnessN/mm212900
Radial shrinkage%5
Tangential shrinkage%8

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

European Oak

Specifications

Botanical Name
Quercus robur

Other Names
French Oak,

Origin
Europe

Sapwood Colour
Same as heartwood but lighter

Heartwood Colour
Yellow brown or light to dark brown

Grain
Straight grain, distinct growth rings and rays when quarter sawn

Texture
Coarse when quarter sawn

Common Uses
Furniture, flooring, doors, veneer, mouldings, exterior joinery, kitchen cabinets, construction

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3695
Specific gravity.65
HardnessN5580
Bending StrengthN/mm298.5
StiffnessN/mm210500
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxScrewingxxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

Red Oak

Specifications

Botanical Name
Quercus rubra

Other Names
Northern red oak, Southern red oak

Origin
North and Central America

Sapwood Colour
Whitish to grayish or pale reddish brown

Heartwood Colour
Pinkish to light reddish brown or light brown

Grain
Straight and open grain, small flake pattern when quarter sawn (tiger rays or butterflies) but not as visible as white oak

Texture
From the northern region are less coarse than the faster growing southern red oak, rays are mostly shorter, narrower and darker than white oak rays

Common Uses
Furniture, flooring, architectural interiors, internal joinery, mouldings, doors, kitchen cabinets, veneer, construction, panelling, coffins, caskets

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3689
Specific gravity0.64
HardnessN5450
Bending StrengthN/mm298.8
StiffnessN/mm212300
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%8

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxxxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxxStainingxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


Move to top

European Walnut

Specifications

Botanical Name
Juglans Regia

Other Names
NA

Origin
Europe

Sapwood Colour
NA

Heartwood Colour
NA

Grain
NA

Texture
NA

Common Uses
Veneer applications

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3620-650
Specific gravity
HardnessN
Bending StrengthN/mm2
StiffnessN/mm2
Radial shrinkage%
Tangential shrinkage%

Working Properties

StabilityBending
MachiningScrewing
GluingPainting
SandingStaining

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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South American

Eucalyptus Grandis

Specifications

Botanical Name
Eucalyptus grandis

Other Names
Blue gum, Rose gum

Origin
Australia, Brazil, South Africa. Uruguay

Sapwood Colour
Pale to greyish

Heartwood Colour
Pale red to pinkish

Grain
Interlocked

Texture
Fine

Common Uses
Agricultural implements, outdoor furniture, tool handles, decking, carpentry, poles, pulp/paper, plywood, railroad ties, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3570
Specific gravity
HardnessN6130
Bending StrengthN/mm2118.2
StiffnessN/mm214600
Radial shrinkage%3
Tangential shrinkage%7

Working Properties

StabilityxxBendingx
MachiningxxxScrewingxx
GluingxxPaintingxxx
SandingxxStainingxxxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Taeda Pine

Specifications

Botanical Name
Pinus taeda

Other Names
Loblolly pine

Origin
Southern Africa, North America, South America

Sapwood Colour
White to yellow

Heartwood Colour
Yellow to pink brown

Grain
Distinct growth rings

Texture
Medium coarse to coarse

Common Uses
Boxes, crates, carpentry, construction, poles, furniture, railroad ties, tool handles, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3512
Specific gravity0.47
HardnessN2920
Bending StrengthN/mm279.3
StiffnessN/mm210800
Radial shrinkage%4
Tangential shrinkage%6

Working Properties

StabilityxxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingxx
SandingxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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Teak

Specifications

Botanical Name
Tectona grandis

Other Names
Burma Teak, Jati, Java Teak

Origin
Africa, Burma, Central America, Indonesia

Sapwood Colour
White yellowish

Heartwood Colour
Yellow to golden-yellow to orange

Grain
Straight

Texture
Medium coarse to coarse

Common Uses
Agricultural implements, carpentry, garden furniture, flooring, decking, dowels, kitchen cabinets, toys, veneers

Physical Properties at MC 12%

Densitykg/m3624
Specific gravity0.57
HardnessN4700
Bending StrengthN/mm2103.6
StiffnessN/mm212100
Radial shrinkage%2
Tangential shrinkage%5

Working Properties

StabilityxxxBendingxx
MachiningxxxScrewingxxx
GluingxxxPaintingx
SandingxxStainingxx

xxxx = excellent
xxx = good

xx = fair
x = not good


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